Cusco, Peru’s main tourist destination
The most important in the world, offers its visitors, in a unique and spectacular way, a rich historical and monumental legacy, located in a territory of mountains and multicolored valleys , forests and lush forests, beautiful lagoons and torrentosos rivers. The department of Cusco is considered Cultural Heritage of Humanity and its main attraction The Natural Sanctuary and Citadel of Machu Picchu , declared one of the new seven wonders of humanity.
Cusco offers the traveler to enjoy the thrill of outdoor tourism, in an environment of beautiful landscapes, dazzle with the testimonies of the Inca architecture, admire the artistic richness of the colonial churches , overwhelm with the penetrating sound of the pututos or sacred conches , enjoy the most beautiful sunrise in the world on the heights of three crosses , feel and live the live cultures in Cusco communities or experience the flavor and aroma of a tasty pachamanca or a delicious baked pork .
Cusco , mythical capital of the Inca Empire, proudly retains its walls and stone walls, which evoke the greatness of the children of the sun.A city full of monuments and historical relics , of myths and legends, that seem to be reborn every time you walk through its centuries-old streets. Arriving in the city of Cusco, walking through its streets and enjoying its landscapes is transported directly to the past, its atmosphere originates in those who breathe experiences of deep fascination.
Location of Cusco:
Cusco is located in a fertile valley, bathed by the waters of the rivers Huatanay (tributary of Vilcanota) and Tullumayo, in the southeast Andes of Peru, at 3,360 masl The department of Cusco is divided into 13 provinces : Acomayo , Anta, Calca , Canas , Canchis , Chumbivilcas, Cusco, Espinar, The Convention , Paruro, Paucartambo , Quispicanchi , and Urubamba. The city of Cusco is divided into 8 districts: Ccorca, Cusco, Poroy, San Jerónimo, San Sebastián, Santiago, Saylla, and Wanchaq.
Attractions of Cusco and its surroundings
Since 1911, the year in which the American archeologist Hiram Bingham discovered for the world the citadel of Machu Picchu , Cusco has provoked the imagination of thousands and thousands of travelers in the world who venture, every year, in the millenary Inca Trail seeking to crown the top of this archaeological monument , one of the most impressive in the whole world.
The city of Cusco offers in its urban archaeological circuit, surprising attractions and unmissable visit: The Plaza de Armas , called Huacaypata by the Incas, the artisan neighborhood of San Blas , the Convent of Santo Domingo , built on the Temple of the Sun. or Koricancha , the palaces of the Inca and their court, and a long etcetera of archaeological and historical wonders. Near the city of Cusco you can visit the imposing ruins of Sacsayhuaman , Qenko , Puca Pucara and Tambomachay or Inca baths.
Cusco is surrounded by impressive archaeological remains, such as the citadel of Machu Picchu , the fortress of Sacsayhuaman , the complex of Ollantaytambo , the complex of Pisac , the enigmatic Moray platforms and villages with living culture located in the Sacred Valley : Pisac , Calca , Yucay , Ollantaytambo , Urubamba , Chincher and Maras, where their traditions and ancestral customs are kept alive.
The city of Cusco offers a cosmopolitan and generous nightlife, it is also a magical city, dizzying and exciting. This, together with the archaeological wealth, makes the sacred city of the Incas the most spectacular of the destinations of the American tourist circuit . It is recommended a stay of no less than 4 or 5 days to enjoy the city and its surroundings.
Corners and traditional neighborhoods of Cusco
Plaza de armas , San Blas , Hatun Rumíyoc Street, Plazuela de las Nazarenas, Loreto Street, Pukamarca and Kolcapampa.
Churches and convents of Cusco
The Cathedral , Church of Triunfo , La Merced , Santo Domingo , Santa Catalina , San Francisco , San Pedro and San Cristóbal
Museums and historic mansions in Cusco:
Archbishop Palace or Museum of Religious Art, Garcilaso de la Vega House or Regional Historical Museum, Museum of Santa Catalina, Casa Cabrera, Palace of the Admiral or Inca Museum, Snake House, Casa del Marqués de Valleumbroso, Casa Concha.
Typical dishes of Cusco
The meals are part of a millenary legacy that with the passing of time has been refined and enriched with ingredients from all over the world. Among the most well known dishes of Cuzco gastronomy we have: Cachun chuño , Baked pork , Chicharrón a la Cuzqueña , Churi uchú , Chuño cola , Olluquito with charqui , Pepián de Cuy , Cheese with Khachi , Quinoa with garlic , Timpu or puchero .
Popular Festivities in Cusco
The most important Cuzco festivities are: Holy Week , with its processions of Holy Monday Holy Friday between the months of March and April, The Vigil of the Cross or Cruzvelakuy , the night of May 2, The Corpus Christi the most beloved party by Cuzquenos is celebrated between May and June and the Celebration of Inti Raymi are among the most impressive of its kind in the world.
Far from Cuzco, but with equal originality and beauty The festival of the Lord of Q’oyllur Ritti , which is celebrated in the months of May or June in the foothills of the Sinakara, in the Cordillera del Ausangate, The feast of the Virgen del Carmen which takes place in Paucartambo on July 16.
Other parties in the department of Cusco are: Festival of the Lord of Choquequilca in Ollantaytambo, Yawar Party in Combapata, Fair of Tiobamba, San Bernardo and Ceremony of Huarachicuy, Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary of the Lord of Huanca, The Virgin of the Rosary, The Immaculate Conception, Santuranticuy and Fiesta del Niño.